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Legnica Theological-Historical Studies

ISSN 1730-4172
E-ISSN 2720-6211

Periodicity: semi-annual.
Each new issue is published by the end of June and the second one – by December.
Each issue of the journal is published on paper and online, which are identical, and in the online version each article is separately published in pdf format.


Editor in Chief

Rev. Bogusław Drożdż, Professor, PhD, D.Sc


Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław
ul. Katedralna 9
50-328 Wrocław
tel. 693 505 444
e-mail: redakcja@perspectiva.pl

The journal is published by the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław.
Our journal is unambiguous as to the title. The first part of the title, PERSPECTIVA, is about looking to the future based on past experience. On the other hand, the second part of the title, ie THEOLOGICAL-HISTORICAL STUDIES, places the research in the Christian (theological-philosophical) Tradition.
This journal is fully Open Access and does not charge any publication fees.
There are no author fees, no subscription fees, no advertising fees, no reprints fees, authors do not need financial support from their institutions as the journal does not charge any fees for Open Access. The editor-in-chief makes the final decision to accept the article or reject it completely independently, because no fees are required and therefore financial issues do not affect the decision regarding the text.
The journal has no advertising policy.
The journal does not conduct any direct marketing, we do not send any e-mails to potential authors, and we do not encourage anyone to send their texts in any other way. The choice of journal is the sole decision of the author.



Rafał Szopa PhD – Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Language editing

Mrs. Anna Lichota (Polish)
Jarosław Sempryk PhD (English)

Scientific Board

Rev. Zdzisław Lec, Professor, PhD, D.Sc – University of Szczecin
Jan Ryszard Sielezin, Professor, PhD, D.Sc – University of Wrocław
Rev. Jerzy Szymik, Professor, PhD, D.Sc – University of Silesia (Katowice)
Rev. Adam Przybecki, Professor of UAM, PhD, D.Sc – Adam Mickiewicz University (Poznań)
Rev. Wiesław Przygoda, Professor, PhD, D.Sc – The John Paul Catholic University of Lublin
Rev. Józef Stala, Professor of UPJPII, PhD, D.Sc – The Pontifical University of John Paul II (Kraków)
Rev. Henryk Szeloch, Professor of WSHE, PhD, D.Sc – Higher School of Humanities and Economics (Brzeg)
Rev. Zbigniew Waleszczuk, PhD, D.Sc – Katholische Universität Eichstätt (Niemcy)
Rev. Zbigniew Wanat, PhD, D.Sc – Nicholas Copernicus University (Toruń)
Rev. Krzysztof Cisek, PhD – The Pontifical Gregorian University (Rzym)
Adam Drozdek, PhD – Duquesne University (USA)

Editorial Team

Rev. Stanisław Araszczuk, Professor (Full), PhD, DSc
Kazimiera Jaworska, PhD, DSc
Rev. Jan Klinkowski, Professor, PhD, DSc
Rev. Sławomir Stasiak, Professor, PhD, DSc

Number of MSHE points: 2013 – 4; 2015 – 6, 2021 – 20.
Abstracted and indexed in:
Google Scholar
Index Copernicus – 58.65
Erih Plus


Aims & Scope

The main goal of the PERSPECTIVA journal is to present and solve current theological and philosophical problems. Our journal is addressed primarily to experts in theological and philosophical thought researched in a historical context. Articles on contemporary theological and philosophical problems in relation to historical conditions will be considered. We will be interested in original articles, written specifically and exclusively for our journal.
In the event the journal is no longer published all published issues will be stored in the Book of Virtual Books of the Federation "Fides" (Poland): https://digital.fides.org.pl/dlibra
We accept articles in different languages, but all titles, abstracts and keywords should be in English.

The Statement of Ethics

Ethical Standards and intolerance of malpractices
The act of publishing involves many parties, each of which plays an important role in achieving these aims. It therefore follows that the author, the journal editor, the peer-reviewer, the publisher and the owner of journal have responsibilities to meet expected ethical standards at all stages in their involvement from submission to publication of an article.

“Perspectiva” is committed to meeting and upholding standards of ethical behaviour at all stages of the publication process. We make every effort to eliminate any kind of malpractices. Below is a summary of our key expectations of editors, peer-reviewers and authors.

In the case of complaints and appeals and the need for post-publication discussions and corrections, the Journal will include any necessary corrections to the texts. Information regarding changes made to the published text will be placed under a special note under the heading Additional information and Publisher's note.

The journal respects intellectual property and detailed issues are regulated by the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


1. Editors’ responsibilities

To act in a balanced, objective and fair way while carrying out their expected duties, without discrimination on grounds of gender, sexual orientation, religious or political beliefs, ethnic or geographical origin of the authors.

To handle submissions for sponsored supplements or special issues in the same way as other submissions, so that articles are considered and accepted solely on their academic merit and without commercial influence.

To adopt and follow reasonable procedures in the event of complaints of an ethical or conflict nature, in accordance with the policies and procedures of the Society where appropriate. To give authors a reasonable opportunity to respond to any complaints. All complaints should be investigated no matter when the original publication was approved. Documentation associated with any such complaints should be retained.

Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article. Editors do not guarantee manuscript acceptance or very short peer review times. When errors are found, promote publication of correction or retraction.

The journal “Perspectiva” implements anti-ghostwriting  procedure and strict plagiarism detection policy. In the case of "Perspectiva" it is used CrossCheck powered by iThenticate. No plagiarism, no fraudulent data.

Anti-ghostwriting  procedure: the editors consider the “ghostwriting” and “guest authorship” as a sign of very serious scientific misconduct. All the detected cases of the “ghostwriting” and “guest authorship”  will be exposed, including notification of relevant institutions. As a result, the publisher of the journal “Perspectiva” has introduced procedures to address the phenomena of “ghostwriting” and “guest authorship”. All the authors must fulfill and sign the declaration concerning “ghost-writing” and “guest authorship”. Always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

Publishers and editors will take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. In no case shall a journal or its editors encourage such misconduct, or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.

 2. Reviewers’ responsibilities

To contribute to the decision-making process, and to assist in improving the quality of the published paper by reviewing the manuscript objectively, in a timely manner. Judgments should be objective.

To maintain the confidentiality of any information supplied by the editor or author. To not retain or copy the manuscript.

To alert the editor to any published or submitted content that is substantially similar to that under review.

To be aware of any potential conflicts of interest (financial, institutional, collaborative or other relationships between the reviewer and author) and to alert the editor to these, if necessary withdrawing their services for that manuscript.

Reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited.

Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.

3. Authors’ responsibilities

All authors obliged to participate in peer review process. PERSPECTIVA does not consider multiple submissions, redundant publications.

To maintain accurate records of data associated with their submitted manuscript, and to supply or provide access to these data, on reasonable request. Where appropriate and where allowed by employer, funding body and others who might have an interest, to deposit data in a suitable repository or storage location, for sharing and further use by others.

The author signs a Licence Contract and Authors Declaration Form, which is the statement that all data in article are real and authentic.

To confirm/assert that the manuscript as submitted is not under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere. Where portions of the content overlap with published or submitted content, to acknowledge and cite those sources. Additionally, to provide the editor with a copy of any submitted manuscript that might contain overlapping or closely related content.

To confirm that all the work in the submitted manuscript is original and to acknowledge and cite content reproduced from other sources. To obtain permission to reproduce any content from other sources. In the case of multi-author publications, information on the percentage of individual authors and their individual contributions must be provided in the author's notes.

Authors should ensure that any studies involving human or animal subjects conform to national, local and institutional laws and requirements and confirm that approval has been sought and obtained where appropriate. Authors should obtain express permission from human subjects and respect their privacy.

To declare any potential conflicts of interest (e.g. where the author has a competing interest (real or apparent) that could be considered or viewed as exerting an undue influence on his or her duties at any stage during the publication process). In the event of a conflict of interest, the author is obliged to clearly indicate it.

In the case of reproduction of research results in the form of tables, charts, photo diagrams, etc., the journal requires the consent of the potential authors to use the above-mentioned research results from the authors of these studies.

To notify promptly the journal editor or publisher if a significant error in their publication is identified. To cooperate with the editor and publisher to publish an erratum, addendum, corrigendum notice, or to retract the paper, where this is deemed necessary. All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

4. Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct

We take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurrend. Misconduct includes: plagiarism, citation manipulation, falsification of results, etc. In the event of detecting such bad practices, the author of the publication will be asked to immediately correct the text or remove it from the journal. Journal editors follow the COPE guidelines and require the same from all authors. Information on COPE is available here: https://publicationethics.org/guidance/Guidelines

5. Ethical oversight

Regarding the ethical supervision of the following issues: consent to publication, publication on vulnerable populations, ethical conduct of research using animals, ethical conduct of research using human subjects, handling confidential data and of business / marketing practices, the journal is guided by the current law and general human rights records issued by recognized international organizations enjoying ethical authority, in particular the UN, WHO and European Union treaties.

6. Open Access

All articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. There are no publication fees.


Foundation date of the journal: 2002 Foundation date of the online version: 2004 Date of granting the first ministerial score: 2005 Date of the format change from A5 to B5: 2012 Original version the journal: paper. Internal layout of the journal: (1) initial word, (2) articles, (3) source texts, (4) reviews, discussions and reports, (5) notes on the authors, (6) table of contents. 


The title of the journal refers to the famous work of Witelon - the first scientist in the history of

Silesia who lived in Legnica at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries.

rycina1       rycina2


The word of Fr. Bishop Tadeusz Rybak

In the tenth year of the existence of the Diocese of Legnica, the community of the Major Seminary of this diocese undertakes the initiative of publishing the journal “Perspectiva - Legnica Theological and Historical Studies”. The title of the journal refers to the famous work of Perspectiv by the medieval scholar Witelon, who was associated with Legnica as the head of a well-known school located at the church of St. Peter in this city. The journal wants to refer to the rich intellectual heritage that existed in the past and which is developing in our times, especially in the areas belonging to the Diocese of Legnica and Lower Silesia. I saw the need for such a journal from the very beginning of the establishment of the Major Seminary of the Diocese of Legnica, which is why I accepted the initiative of publishing it with appreciation and gratitude. I expect that the “Perspectiva” journal will publish mainly works created in the community of lecturers and students of the Legnica Higher Theological Seminary affiliated to the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław, but it will also be open to cooperation with other circles that strive to develop Christian science and culture in Lower Silesia. May God's blessing and protection of Our Lady of Graces accompany the work of the editorial staff, authors and readers of the journal.

Bishop of Legnica Tadeusz Rybak, September 1, 2002


The word of Rev. Bishop Ignacy Dec

An extremely important condition for the development of any research center is the possibility of publishing the results of scientific research and the opportunity to exchange ideas and scientific, didactic and formation experiences. We are happy to welcome the appearance of the scientific journal in the theological environment of the city of Legnica, the capital of the new diocese and the growing scientific community. Piast’s Legnica has a glorious history in the field of church and civil education. It was here, in the golden age of the Middle Ages, that the world-famous scientist Witelo (Witelon) operated. His excellent work Perspectiva was known in the university centers of the late Middle Ages and the first centuries of modern times. Famous luminaries of European science studied there. It was also in Legnica that the first attempts to establish a University in Lower Silesia appeared. The journal “Perspectiva - Legnica Theological and Historical Studies” will certainly renew and extend the glorious tradition of the Piast castle on the Kaczawa River. On behalf of the academic community of the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław, I congratulate you on this necessary idea. The journal will certainly contribute to the development of the theological center, centered around the Higher Theological Seminary in Legnica, linked with the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław through affiliations. It will become the "place" for the announcement of the results of theological research and the exchange of scientific ideas. I wholeheartedly wish this magazine a long lifetime, but also the achievement of a high quality of published works. Let the Journal quickly become one of the most important and important theological journals in our country. May Mary, Seat of Wisdom, her most chaste spouses, St. Jadwiga Śląska and the Saint Patrons of the Diocese of Legnica support this noble work from heaven.

Rev. prof. Ignacy Dec, PhD, DSc Rector of the PWT in Wrocław.
Wrocław, on September 18, 2002, on the feast of St. Stanisław Kostka

© 2002 - Publications are protected by copyrights.
Copying and disseminating the information contained therein without the consent of the author is prohibited.